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Connecticut Plants
Chaffseed
Schwalbea americana L.

Chaffseed is on the federal endangered species list. It has not been seen in Connecticut for decades; these plants were photographed farther south.

  • Family: broomrape (Orobanchaceae)
  • Habitat: open areas with moist sandy or peaty soil
  • Height: 1-2 feet
  • Flower size: 1 to 1-1/2 inches long
  • Flower color: reddish-purple and yellowish
  • Flowering time: June to July
  • Origin: native
Schwalbea americana L.
Schwalbea americana L.

Chaffseed flowers, even in full bloom, look closed. Photographed in New Jersey in late June.

Schwalbea americana L.
Schwalbea americana L.

A young chaffseed plant, photographed in New Jersey in early June.